Building a Backyard Garden Pond


Building the perfect backyard garden pond can be a do-it-yourself project or you can hire a professional to do it for you. It’s really not that hard but it does require some research and a certain knowledge about landscaping in general in order to get it right.

You may need to get a good book and read up on it or ask some friends and professionals about the idea of building a backyard garden pond. For now, here is a brief discussion on water garden construction that you’ve always wanted in your garden.

Situate the Pond

Basically the first step to building water garden ponds is to find a suitable spot to dig a hole in your yard. The size and depth of the pond should be proportional to the size of your yard.

A fish pond liner will also be needed. You can buy a prefabricated fiberglass fish pond liner or you have the choice of free forming your pond with rubber roofing material. There is also the option of molded fish ponds you can buy in the marketplace. In any case, a fish pond liner is essential for your backyard water garden to keep the water from draining.

If you are planning on breeding fish in your pond, you will need to consider the depth. Make sure that the pond is deep enough for the fish, especially gold fish ponds. I would suggest at least twenty four to thirty six inches. Our pond is thirty six to forty eight inches deep just because our pond contains fish. In colder climates, the pond should be deeper than the frost line, making sure that the fish still have room to grow and survive.

Water garden ponds should not be placed near trees or in low lying areas. Live aquatic plants, especially lilies, and fish need the warmth of the sun. Falling leaves can also accumulate quite fast and cause a cleaning nightmare. Low areas on the other hand, can create a large amount of runoff from the rain to enter the pond. Rainwater runoff may contain chemicals coming from pesticides and fertilizers which can be harmful to live aquatic plants and fish.

Water Garden Filters

Building a backyard water garden also requires the owners to put some thought into how to filter off the waste that accumulates in the pond itself. A good thing to remember is that the bigger the water area the better it can handle the waste coming from the fish. Keep in mind that you will need to put some kind of substrate or gravel so that a bacteria bed can build up and help maintain good water quality. You can buy fish pond filters and gravel at your local pet stores.

If you are building a gold fish pond or Koi fish ponds, wait until you have covered the bottom with gravel and placed a good filtering system in. Like an aquarium or an indoor water garden, you should introduce the fish to the pond one at a time. Allow some time for the environment of the pond to adjust to the population. If you dump all of the fish in at once, they probably would not survive the environment because of the natural filtering effect of the bacteria that takes place with the waste of the fish and their food.

Fish pond filters can also help to ensure that your pond doesn’t become a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Mosquitoes lay their eggs on still waters, so anything that agitates the eggs will help prevent the pond from becoming a breeding ground. Filters help maintain the cleanliness of the water but regular cleaning is still required to maintain the quality of the pond.

Kali Winters is a gardening enthusiast and author who spends much of her time teaching others how to setup and maintain beautiful, amazing gardens. Her latest book, “Holistic Herbs~A Beginners Guide to Herbal Gardening” is available Here! There you will find one of 12 free bonus books on Building a Backyard Pond¬†….with instructions and pictures to help!

Learn more about Herbal Medicine for Children!

Successful Gardening!




Other Articles of Interest:

Tweaking Your Backyard Garden Pond-
Water Garden Installation-
How To Build A Fish Pond-