A backyard water garden was once thought to be owned only by the wealthy elite. Today, a backyard garden pond can be built by even the simplest of homeowners. Water gardens liven backyard living spaces up and make a great conversational piece for guests and visitors. Water garden ponds will not only provide a beautiful and visually appealing backyard but create a relaxing one as well.
From cozy and small, to rich and lush, a backyard water garden can range from extravagant natural water gardens to simple container water gardens. Just a little background about building a back yard pond and the right materials is enough to build your very own creative water gardens.
Step One: Decide where your pond will be situated.
Look for an area in your yard where there are very little trees. Falling leaves and debris can make maintenance an everyday occurrence. Place your pond in an area where the warmth of the sun will reach it daily as well. Fish and live aquatic plants need the sun to grow and survive. However, too much of the sun’s heat can cause some plants, especially lilies, to die. Creating a balance is a necessity.
You will also want to place your pond in a high area of your yard. This will prevent runoff water from accumulating and overflowing your backyard garden pond which will create murkiness and additional maintenance.
Step Two: Lay out the area of your pond.
To form the size of your water ponds designs, trace the perimeter of the pond using a bendable material such as a garden hose. Form the garden hose to your desired design then mark the area using spray paint or household flour, which is biodegradable.
Step Three: Use a pond liner.
Fish pond liners are used to prevent water from the pond, fish, plants, and the other pond contents from escaping the pond itself. In the same way, it also prevents non-pond materials from entering and causing dirt or excess nutrients in the pond. Pond liners range from pre-formed liners to PVC liners. Using cement or molded fish ponds are also applicable, however, they are a bit more costly.
Pre-formed liners are usually utilized by small ponds. They can be bought at pond supply outlets and can be easily installed after digging the ponds layout. However, if you want creative water gardens, PVC liners would work the best. They are basically used for complex or large backyard ponds. Other types of liners are available as well, so it is always best to ask for advice from your local pond expert.
Step Four: Dig your pond.
Dig your pond according to your water garden design. A general rule of thumb is twenty four to thirty six inches. If your backyard garden pond will house fish, thirty six to forty eight inches in depth would be desirable. Diligently and carefully place rocks on the edges of the pond liner and fill in any empty spaces with gravel. Then camouflage the rest of the exposed liner with stones, pebbles, or plants.
Step Five: Assemble the equipment.
Make sure that the water filter, pump and lighting are functioning properly before placing them in their desired location. Connect them to the electrical supply and place them in the locations according to your design. Do not forget to make a proper drainage system for your pond as well.
Step Six: Just add water.
Now is the time to fill the pond with water. Clean out the area first and then add clean fresh water to your pond. You will want to observe if there any places your liner is leaking. Place the plants in their rightful spots and let the plants settle for at least a week before adding the fish. Add your fish one at a time so that the natural bacteria of the pond starts to form. Never overstock your pond with fish or you will probably loose them all. Remember, always consider the size of your backyard water garden to your fish. Make sure they are compatible.
And now, sit back and relax. Give yourself a pat on the back for a job well done!
Kali Winters is gardening enthusiast and author who spends much of her time teaching others how to setup and maintain beautiful, amazing gardens. Her latest book, “Holistic Herbs~A Beginners Guide to Herbal Gardening” is available Here! There you will find one of 12 free bonus books on Building a Backyard Pond….with instructions and pictures to help!
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