Time-Table For Blanching & Sterilizing


The following time-table shows blanching time for various vegetables and fruits, as well as the sterilizing time in the hot-water bath outfit, and in equipment for sterilization by the water-seal method, the steam-pressure method and the aluminum steam-cooker method.
The time given in this table is for quart jars. Add 30 minutes for 2-quart jars and deduct5 minutes for pint jars.

Sterilizing

Vegetables

Blanching

Hot-water

Water seal

Steam pressure in lbs.

Minutes

Minutes

Minutes

5 to 10 Minutes

10 to 15 Minutes

Asparagus
Beets
Brussels sprouts
Cabbage
Cauliflower
Carrots
Corn
Greens
Lima beans
Okra
Parsnips
Peppers, sweet or hot
Peppers, pimentos
Peas
Pumpkin
Salsify
Sour-crout
String beans
Squash
Tomatoes

Fruits

Apples
Apricots
Blackberries
Blueberries
Dewberries
Cherries, sweet
Cherries, sour
Currants
Fruit juices
Gooseberries
Oranges
Pears
Peaches
Plums
Pineapples
Quinces
Raspberries
Rhubarb
Strawberries
Fruits without sugar

10 to 15
5
5 to 10
5 to 10
3
5
5 to 10
15
5 to 10
5 to 10
5
5 to 10
Roast
5 to 10
See directions
5

5 to 10
See directions
To loosen skins


1-1/2
1 to 2
none
none
none
none
none
none
See directions
1 to 2
1 to 2
1-1/2
To loosen skins
none
3 to 5
1-1/2
none

none

120
90
120
120
60
90
180
120
90
120
90
120
35
180
120
90
120
120
120
22



20
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

16
12
20
16
16
30
20
16
20
16
30

90
80
90
90
40
80
120
90
120
90
80
90
25
120
90
80
90
90
90
18



12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

12
8
12
12
12
15
12
12
15
12
20

60
60
60
60
30
60
90
60
60
60
60
60
20
60
60
60
60
60
60
15



8
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

10
6
8
10
10
10
8
10
15
10
12

40
40
40
40
20
40
60
40
40
40
40
40
15
40
40
40
40
40
40
10

The time given is for fresh, sound and firm vegetables. Increase the time of sterilization by adding one-fifth for vegetables which have been gathered over 24 hours.

The time given is for altitudes up to 1000 feet above sea level. For higher altitudes increase the time in hot-water bath 10 per cent for each additional 500 feet. For example, if the time is given as 120 minutes in the table and your location is 1500 feet above sea level, the time should be made 132 minutes.

Neither home-made nor commercial hot-water bath outfits are entirely satisfactory, however, for such localities water-seal and steam-pressure outfits are advisable, as they give higher temperatures.

Successful Gardening!
Kali S Winters


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