Plants Listed by Common Names


Herbing Guide ~ Just click on the plant name for pictures of herbs medicinal uses, essential oils properties and definition. *Please check back again ~ I am in the process of providing the entire list…..Thank You~

Agrimony

Agrimonia eupatoria

Alfalfa

Medicago sativa

Angelica

Angelica archangelica

Arnica

Arnica montana

Artichoke

Cynara scolymus

Ashwagandha

Withania somnifera

Astragalus

Astragalus membranaceus

Balm

Melissa officinalis

Basil

Ocimum basilicum

Bayberry

Myrica cerifera

Bearberry

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Bergamot

Citrus bergamia

Black Cohosh

Cimicifuga racemosa

Blackberry

Rubus villosus

Bladderwrack

Focus vesiculosus

Blessed Thistle

Cnicus benedictus

Blue Cohosh

Caulophylum thalictroides

Blue Flag

Iris versicolor

Bogbean

Menyanthes trifoliate

Boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Buchu

Agathosma betulina

Burdock

Arctium lappa

Calendula

Calendula officinalis

 

California Poppy

Eschscholzia californica

California Spickenard

Aralia californica

Cascara Sagrada

Rhamnus purshiana

Catnip

Nepeta cataria

Cayenne

Capsicum spp.

Celery Seed

Apium graveolens

Centaury

Centaurium umbellatum

Chamomile

Matricaria chamomilla

Chaparral

Larrea mexicana

Chaste Tree

Vitex agnus-castus

Chicory

Cichorium intybus

Chickweed

Stellaria media

Cinnamon

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Clary Sage

Salvia sclarea

Cleavers

Galium aparine

Clove

Eugenia caryophllata

Coffee

Coffea Arabica

Coltsfoot

Tussilago farfara

Comfrey

Symphytum officinale

Coriander

Coriandrum sativum

Corn Silk

Zea mays

Couch Grass

Agropyron repens

Cramp Bark

Viburnum opulus

Cranesbill

Geranium maculatum

Cubeb

Piper cubeba

Damiana

Turnera diffusa

Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale

Devil’s Club

Oplopanax horridus

Dill

Anethum graveolens

Dong Quai

Angelica sinensis

Echinacea

Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea angustifolia

Echinacea pallida

Elder

Sambucus nigra

Elecampane

Inula Helenium

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus globulus

Eyebright

Euphrasia officinalis

False Unicorn

Chamaelirium luteum

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Fenugreek

Trigonella foenum-graecum

Feverfew

Tanacetum parthenium

Frankincense

Boswellia carteri

Fringetree

Chionanthus virginica

Flaxseed

Linum usitatissimum

Garlic

Allium sativum

Gentian

Gentiana spp.

Geranium

Pelargonium graveolens

Ginger

Zingiber officinale

Ginkgo

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginseng

Panax spp.

Goat’s Rue

Galega officinalis

Golden Rod

Solidago virgauria

Golden Seal

Hydrastis canadensis

Gota Kola

Centella asiatica

Grapefruit

Citrus paradise

Gravel root

Eupatorium purpureum

Guarana

Paullina cupana

Gumweed

Grindelia spp.

Hawthorn

Crataegus spp.

Grataegus oxyacantha

Herlichrysum

Helichrysum italicum

Hops

Humulus lupulus

Horehound

Marrubium vulgare

Horsechestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum

Horseradish

Armoracia rusticana

Horsetail

Equisetum arvense

Ho shou wu

Polygonum Multiflorum

Hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens

Hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis

Irish Moss

Chondrus crispus

Jasmine

Jasminum officinale
Jasminum grandiflorum

Kelp

Seaweed

Kola

Cola vera, C. acuminata

Lady’s Mantle

Alchemilla vulgaris

Lavender

Lavandula officinalis

Lemon

Citrus limonum

Licorice

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Linden

Tilia cordata

Lobelia

Lobelia inflata

Ma Huang

Ephedra sinica

Mandarin

Citrus reticulata

Marjoram

Origanum majorana

Marshmallow

Althaea officinalis

Meadowsweet

Filipendula urlmaria

Melilot

Melilotus officinalis

Milk Thistle

Carduus marianum
(Silybum marianum)

Motherwort

Leonurus cardiaca

Mugwort

Artemisia vulgaris

Mullein

Verbascum spp.

Mulberry

Morus spp.

Myrrh

Commiphora myrrha

Nasturtium

Tropaeolum majus

Neroli

Citrus aurantium var amara

Nettle

Urtica spp.

Oak Bark

Quercus spp.

Oat

Avena Sativa

Olive Leaf

Olea europaea

Orange

Citrus aurantium

Oregano

Origanum vulgare
Origanum Compactum

Oregon Grape

Berberis aquifolium Pursh.

Osha

Ligusticum porteri

Parsley

Petroselinum sativum

Partridge berry

Mitchella repens

Pasque Flower

Anemone pulsatilla

Pau d’ Arco

Tabebuia spp.

Passion Flower

Passiflora incarnate

Patchouli

Pogostemon patchouli

Pennyroyal

Mentha pulegium

Peppermint

Mentha piperata

Periwinkle

Vinca major
(or Vinca minor)

Pine

Chimaphila umbellate

Pipsissewa

Pinus sylvestris

Plantain

Plantago lanceolata
Plantago major

Prickly Ash

Xanthoxylum americanum

Pumpkin

Cucurbita pepo

Raspberry

Rubus spp.

Red Clover

Trifolium pratense

Rose

Rosa damascena

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

Sage

Salvia officinalis

Sandalwood

Santalum album

St. John’s Wort

Hypericum perforatum

Sarsaparilla

Smilax spp.

Sassafras

Sassafras albidum

Saw Palmetto

Serenoa serrulata

Skullcap

Scutellaria laterifolia

Sheperd’s Purse

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Siberian Ginseng

Eleutherococus senticosus

Slippery Elm

Ulmus fulva

Sorrel

Rumex spp.

Southernwood

Artemisia abrotanum

Star Anise

Illicium anisatum

Strawberry

Fragaria vesca

Suma

Pfaffia paniculata

Tea Tree

Melaleuca alternifolia

Thuja

Thuja occidentalis

Thyme

Thymus spp.

Tumeric

Curcuma longa

Usnea

Usnea spp.

Uva Ursi

(See Bearberry)

Valerian

Valeriana officinalis

Vervain

Verbena officinalis

Wild Cherry

Prunus serotina

Wild Indigo

Baptisia tinctoria

Wild Lettuce

Lactuca virosa

Wild Oat

Avena fatua

Wild Yam

Dioscorea villosa

Willow Bark

Salix spp.

Witch Hazel

Humamelis virginiana

Wormwood

Artemisia absinthium

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

Yellow Dock

Rumex crispus

Yerba Manza

Anemopsis californica

Yerba Mate

Ilex paraguensis

Ylang Ylang

Canaga odorata

Yohimbe

Pausinystalia yohimba

Yucca

Yucca spp.

 


Back to Main Articles



List of Medicinal Plants


You don’t need a green thumb to build an herb garden. Herbs are incredibly adaptable so they require less attention than vegetable gardens. Most herbs thrive in the sun, with six to eight hours of exposure being the ideal. Herbs generally need less water than flowers or vegetables do. In fact, many need to be watered only under drought conditions.

When building an herb garden, you should start out small. First, estimate how much time you’ll want to spend gardening. (The bigger the garden, the more time it will need.) Consider the realities of the space you have to use: how much sun the garden will get, what the soil is like, which herbs will do best in your climate (the seed packet often tells you the type of soil and climate the herb will need.)

For city dwellers that lack space to cultivate, a back porch or windowsill garden is recommended. A basic herb garden might include rosemary, chamomile, peppermint lavender and feverfew. Many herbs will thrive in pots, so you are able to bring the magic of the garden indoors during the winter months. Remember these two things when growing herbs in pots: water before the soil dries out or before the leaves yellow and fall off, and use a soil that is a bit alkaline and has good drainage.

The following are eight additional herbs that stand up to the highest standards as far as clinical and laboratory studies. These herbs can effectively treat many diseases and are quite easy to grow:

Chamomile: is generally used as a tea, but its antispasmodic, anti-infective and ant-inflammatory properties are known worldwide and used in chamomile extracts, ointments and tinctures as well to treat a wide range of health problems, from indigestion to skin rashes. Chamomile is also an important ingredient in natural hair dyes for blonds.

Echinacea: stimulates the immune system, which in turn defends the body against infections, both bacterial and viral. Echinacea has a long history. The Native Americans originally used echinacea as a remedy for snakebites and skin wounds. Echinacea has now been known to help in the fight against diabetes by adjusting blood sugar levels.

Feverfew: one of the active ingredients in feverfew, parthenolide, has the ability to reduce the severity and frequency of migraine headaches. Because feverfew reduces the blood vessel spasms in the brain, it has also been known to treat nausea and vomiting as well as fevers and arthritis.

Garlic: Oh…the mighty power of garlic. No herb garden (or person) should be without especially after the high rising costs in the market place. Research shows that garlic can lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels and may even help heart attack survivors live longer. Garlic additionally relieves gas and aids digestion. Garlic is now being studied in tumor fighting research as well.

Ginkgo: is particularly useful for treating ailments associated by decreased blood flow to the brain. People who suffer from memory loss or confusion, especially the elderly, find that mental clarity increases by taking ginkgo. This herb improves circulation throughout the body, especially to the brain. Additionally, ginkgo helps to prevent blood clots and mood swings accompanied by anxiety and can relieve the symptoms of tinnitus (ringing in the ears), asthma, phlebitis (inflammation of a vein) and vertigo.

Lemon Balm: this herb works well to calm the nerves and to protect the body from bacterial infections. It’s also effective on insomnia and menstruation symptoms. However, lemon balm is best known to treat cold sores associated by the herpes simplex virus. Extracts, used as a cream, helps lesions heal faster and extends the time between outbreaks.

St. John’s Wort: is reputed to be an astringent, nervine and is very aromatic. Useful in coughs, colds and all lung diseases, it also is highly esteemed in the disorder of the urinary passages. The ointment is serviceable for bruises, scratches and insect bites. St. John’s wort is especially known as a treatment for depression and insomnia and now shows promise as a treatment for nervousness and anxiety.

Valerian: has an antispasmodic effect for the treatment of epilepsy. Studies show that this herb is a safe, effective alternative to prescription sleeping pills and tranquilizers. It allays pain and promotes sleep and is strongly nervine without any narcotic effects.

Discover more information on medicinal plants

Learn How to Build an Herb Garden

Successful Gardening

Kali S. Winters


Herbing Guide ~ Just click on the plant name for pictures of herbs medicinal uses, essential oils properties and definition.

Additional Articles of Interest:

Home Herb Garden Basics
Herbs for Growing
Herb Garden Plants