Garden Fish Pond Tips

Backyard water gardens are for butterflies, frogs, birds, fish and for your whole families enjoyment. Some ponds may be small, such as container water gardens, or some may only reach 3 to 4 feet in diameter. You might see outside fish ponds but then again you may also see very large backyard ponds. Regardless, backyard water gardens no matter the shape or size, will not only provide enjoyment and interest but they will also bring a natural and relaxing environment to many. Isn’t that the main reason for creating one in the first place?

Backyard water gardens, particularly a garden fish pond, will become the focal point of conversation from visitors and family alike. So spice it up with the following tips and techniques provided.

Where to Place Your Backyard Garden Pond

Locate your garden fish pond in a place where it can be viewed the best, such as from a deck or patio. Create it so it coincides with the natural surroundings of your property. Never place a garden fish pond where the sun might overheat it. Rather, nestle it in a semi-shaded spot. Do not locate it under the trees where debris will overrun it and create too much maintenance for you to handle.


It is best to slightly elevate the soil surrounding your garden fish pond so that excess water will not enter into it. Plan the drainage system of the pond, making sure that it draws the water away from the pond itself.

Landscaping the surroundings around your pond will invite a natural dwelling for birds and frogs alike. Both require water and the land your landscaping will provide.

Make sure that electricity is available as well if you plan to use lights, filters, or a water re-circulating device. Also check into the possibility of creating solar water gardens.

Do not place water garden ponds under trees. This will avoid the maintenance problem of falling leaves into the pond. Expose the pond to sufficient sunlight only since some live aquatic plants grow well in full sun where others do not. Balance is the key.

Using a Fish Pond Liner

A fish pond liner is used to keep water from leaking into the soil. They are a necessity for garden fish ponds even if the pond is situated in clay soil. A fish pond liner will come in many different shapes and sizes and are quite durable and convenient. Some fish ponds kits even include built in waterfalls or can be bought upon any design based on your preference.

Consider a polyvinyl chloride liner (PVC liner) when building large backyard ponds. To determine the size of the PVC, you have to know the maximum length, width, and depth of the pond. Then multiply the maximum depth by 3. Add the answer to the width plus the length. Now you have enough PVC to securely hold down the pond edges.

A PVC fish pond liner comes in many different thicknesses as well. The thicker the pond liner, the more resistant it is to punctures. Cement is considered an optional pool liner as well as manufactured molded fish ponds designed to your liking, however, both are a relatively expensive alternative.

Considering that many ponds are quite small, other plastics may be used instead. They may be cheaper, however, they may also break down faster when they have prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. Some plastics may also prove to be toxic to fish. It is always best to go with the thicker fish pond liner. It will save you more time and expense in the long run.

Water Garden Installation

Time your water garden installation in the late summer or early fall, when the ground is not overly wet or frozen. Dig the hole according to the right depth and size and secure the pond liner with rocks, pebbles and stones. Then landscape the ponds surrounding. Add water, plants, and your water garden pump. Let the pond sit for a few days before adding plants and fish. Let the plants settle for at least one week before placing the fish.

Then it’s time to sit back and enjoy your garden fish pond with family and friends!

Kali Winters is gardening enthusiast and author who spends much of her time teaching others how to setup and maintain beautiful, amazing gardens. Her latest book, “Holistic Herbs~A Beginners Guide to Herbal Gardening” is available Here!

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