A backyard water pond can offer a number of benefits. It can be cool and relaxing, visually appealing or it can provide the local wildlife a watering point.
It is imperative to know the reason why you are building your backyard garden pond before the actual water garden construction. Some individuals just want to put in water garden ponds without considering the comfort and safety of the inhabitants of the pond. First evaluate the important aspects before even considering a water garden installation.
You can ask for advice from your local pond professional or read books that concentrate on fish ponds kits and the techniques of the actual water garden construction itself. Consult with your local pond contractor who will have experience in this particular field.
After you have your consultation, you may now begin to build your own outside fish pond following these planning stages:
Consider the location.
Choose a site where your pond will not be near existing large trees. The vantage point will prevent root problems as well as minimizing the hassle of falling leaves in your pond that may cause decay and poor water quality. Live aquatic plants such as water lilies need sunlight to grow. It is best to place your pond where it will be exposed to the sun for at least 6 hours per day. Too much sun can overheat during mid afternoon, usually between 11am until 3:00pm on hot summer days. A semi shaded area with a good amount of sunlight should be sufficient enough.
Temperature extremes should be minimized on the pond. If you intend on raising and breeding fish, it is important to make the pond as deep and as large as practical. However, deeper ponds may need to be fenced to prevent accidents.
Design with purpose.
Consider electricity to supply pumps, filters, and lights when designing your pond. It is also important to look into the water supply and drainage.
Ponds must have an overflow area (a place located below the rest of the pond height) to control where the excess water should go. Overflowing may be caused by overfilling the pond with water or from heavy rain.
Screen your overflow paths to prevent any escape of small plants, fish (and their eggs), and snails during water additions and heavy rainfall. This may also protect the local waterways from any possible escape. This is especially important if there are foreign fish in the pond.
Complete preparation requirements.
It is essential to clean and rinse ponds before use since fish and other water plants are sensitive to contaminants. “Curing” concrete ponds combined with water changes, scrubbing, filling, and painting with vinegar is also important.
Allow chloramines and chlorine to dissipate chemicals, especially if you used tap water to fill the pond. One can also utilize a commercial chlorine neutralizer from pet shops to solve this problem.
Ensure that all equipment such as fountains, waterfalls, filters, and lights are working satisfactorily before adding the fish and plants.
It is also better if you allow at least one week for the plants to settle in the pond before adding the fish. Clean up the pond regularly for dead leaves as this will add unwanted excess nutrients to the water and decay it as well.
Observe proper maintenance.
In general, keep the pond clean of fallen vegetation and dead leaves. The frequency of cleaning will depend on the amount of vegetation falling into the water and on the time of the year. Do the cleaning at the beginning of spring before the temperature of the water starts to rise.
Feed your fish and clean up the filters periodically.
Add water in the pond periodically. A normal garden hose will do. However, no more than 10-20% should be added at any one time because of the chlorine levels in tap water.
Kali Winters is gardening enthusiast and author who spends much of her time teaching others how to setup and maintain beautiful, amazing gardens. Her latest book, “Holistic Herbs~A Beginners Guide to Herbal Gardening” is available Here! There you will find one of 12 free bonus books on Building a Backyard Pond….with instructions and pictures to help!
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