Decide first what part of the backyard you want to have your garden fish pond situated before going out and buying anything. Select an area where it is far from the trees since many live aquatic plants, like lilies, need a sufficient amount of sunlight to grow.
Choose an area where there are no falling leaves that can make cleaning a nightmare. Do not place your pond on low areas either, since large volumes of rainwater might run off and accumulate in the pond during rainy seasons. Not to mention, the runoff water might contain fertilizers, pesticides, and other harmful materials.
Place your pond in an area where it can be best appreciated and seen. The sense of building a pond is for you to enjoy it. Select a location where it can be best viewed (i.e. the sitting area or a patio in the garden).
Types of Pond
After choosing where you want your pond to be located, it is now time to select what type of pond you want. The two types of pond are the following:
ABS plastic preformed water ponds are usually used for small ponds that can contain up to 250 gallons of water. This type of pond comes in a variety of sizes and shapes such as hourglass, rock gardens, and kidney. Waterfalls and formed spillways are also available.
Fish Pond Liners
A fish pond liners or liners are used for any size of pond. The sizes available are 10’ x 15’ to 20’ x 25’ or larger. This will allow you to build a pond to your preferred size either by using them individually or by connecting two or more pond liners together with a special adhesive.
Fish pond liners can be very heavy especially the larger ones. They are usually made of rubber. Using fish pond liners can be quite a fun and creative experience since this type will allow you to decide on the shape of your pond. However, you need to be aware that a 19’ x 26’ liner will not create a pond of the same size due to the depth and the extra material required for the overhang. Read further to see what I mean.
In choosing the proper size liner, it is imperative to know the width (W), length (L), as well as the maximum depth (MD) at their widest points. After which, use the formula L+(MD*2) by W+(MD*2).
This means that a 10 foot long by 5 foot wide by 2 foot deep pond may require a 14’ x 9’ pond liner so as to make an edge above the water level. It is important to let a professional pond developer help in determining the pond size liner you will need.
Now that you’ve decided on the location and the type of fish pond, it is time to dig it. The average size of the pond is at least 18″ deep at its deepest point. However, 24″ is better. With this depth, the fish may be allowed to stay in the pond during winter months without freezing. Inclusion of planting shelves in the design will make it easier to place emergent lilies and plants.
Fish Pond Filters
After accomplishing the above tasks, it is high time for you to think about filtration. It may be better to ask your pond professional about this topic. Just keep in mind that whichever filter you choose, ensure that it is cleaned on a regular basis so that the water will remain clear. Utilizing a filter may also hinder the mosquitoes from making the pond their breeding ground.
And now, all you have to do is add your fish and you are good to go!
Kali Winters is gardening enthusiast and author who spends much of her time teaching others how to setup and maintain beautiful, amazing gardens. Her latest book, “Holistic Herbs~A Beginners Guide to Herbal Gardening” is available Here! There you will find one of 12 free bonus books on Building a Backyard Pond
….with instructions and pictures to help!
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